New Nakhichevan Armenian

Brief Information

New Nakhichevan Armenian is a language of a group of Armenians living compactly in Rostov Oblast, mainly in Myasnikovsky District. The language has other names such as Crimea-Nor-Nakhichevan Armenian, Nor-Nakhichevan Armenian, Don Armenian, Crimea-Ani Armenian, Ani Armenian.

The language is endangered. According to the 2010 census, there are 13154 speakers of New Nakhichevan Armenian. 


New Nakhichevan Armenian is a variety of Armenian, which forms an independent branch of the Indo-European language family.


New Nakhichevan Armenian speakers reside compactly in Rostov Oblast. The vast majority lives in Myasnikovsky District but a small number of speakers also live in neighboring districts.

Language functioning

No legal status.

No writing system.

Dynamics of language usage

Language proficiency is significantly reduced among younger generations. 

Core references

Grammatical descriptions: grammars, sketches

Ačaṙean H. H. Kʿnnutʿiwn Nor-Naxiǰewani (Xrimi) barbaṙi [Study of the New Nakhichevan (Crimean) dialect]. Erewan, 1925. (in Armenian)


Alaverdyan S. Dz. Armânsko-russkij slovar' nornahičevanskogo dialekta [Armenian-Russian dictionary of the Nor-Nakhichevan dialect]. Chaltyr village (Rostov Oblast), 1997.

Malkhasyan A. G. Armânsko-russkij slovar' dialekta donskih (nahičevanskih) armân. Korni slov i familij [Armenian-Russian dictionary of the dialect of Don (Nakhichevan) Armenians. Roots of words and last names]. Rostov-on-Don: North-Caucasian Scientific Center of Higher Education Publ., 2001. 

J̌alašyan G. S. Nor Naxiǰewani barbaṙi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory dictionary of the New Nakhichevan dialect]. Rostov-on-Don, 2012. (in Armenian)



Corpora and text collections

Patkanov K. P. Nakhichevan dialect. Saint Petersburg, 1875.

Pʿorkʿšeyan X. A. Nor Naxiǰewani hay žoġovrdakan banahyusutʿyunə [Armenian national folklore of New Nakhichevan] // Hay azgagrutʿyun ew banahyusutʿyun 2 [Armenian ethnography and folklore. No 2]. Yerevan, 1971. (in Armenian)

Other electronic resources